Queen Isabella I, also known as Isabella the Catholic, is famous as the queen who financed Christopher Columbus's voyages to the New World. Although Isabella and Henry were to some extent reconciled, the long-threatened war of succession broke out at once when the king died in 1474. Isabella de Castilla was born circa 1355 at Morales, Spain. [1], On 21 September 1371 Edward III's fourth son, John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, married Isabella's elder sister, Constance (d. 1394), who after the death of their father in 1369 claimed the throne of Castile. Emeritus Fellow of Merton College, Oxford; former Lecturer in Modern History, University of Oxford. Portugal, Aragon, and France each put forward a marriage candidate. Because she left no memoirs, her will is in many ways the most reliable picture of her. Isabella was the daughter of John II of Castile and his second wife, Isabella of Portugal. She also sought candidates of high standards; judged by her choices of men such as Talavera and Cisneros, Isabella was remarkably effective in achieving her objective. With the capture of Granada, the main work of the orders had been done, and a process that envisaged their ultimate absorption into the lands of the crown was logical and sensible. The monarchs were interested in the reform of the secular clergy and still more in that of the orders of monks, friars, and nuns; Isabella took a particular interest in the reform of the Poor Clares, an order of Franciscan nuns. Isabelle est la fille aînée de Sanche IV de Castille et de son épouse María de Molina.Ses grands-parents paternels sont Alphonse X le Sage, roi de Castille et León de 1252 à 1284 et roi des Romains de 1257 à 1273, et Yolande d'Aragon.Ses grands-parents maternels sont Alphonse de Molina, infante de León et Castille et Mayor Alfonso de Meneses By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Although some of the features of the campaign were medieval (such as the order of battle), others were novel. Naturally, many of the outstanding literary works of her reign, such as Antonio de Nebrija’s Gramática Castellana (1492; “Castilian Grammar”), were dedicated to her. Although Villena and his supporters hoped to control Isabella, they soon learned that they could not. Throughout her long reign, Isabella also strove to strengthen royal authority at the expense of the Cortes (Spanish parliament) and the towns. At court she encouraged such notable scholars as Pietro Martire d’Anghiera, whom she set up as the head of a new palace school for the sons of the nobility. [3], As a result of her indiscretions, including an affair with King Richard II's half-brother, John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter (d. 1400), whom Pugh terms 'violent and lawless', Isabella left behind a tarnished reputation, her loose morals being noted by the chronicler Thomas Walsingham. Retrouvez Isabelle de Castille: Journal d'une princesse espagnole (1466-1469) et des millions de livres en stock sur Amazon.fr. Noté /5. As a daughter of the powerful Trastamara family she has managed to secure powerful allies through marriage who support her claim to our throne. As heiress of Castile, the question of Isabella’s future marriage became a matter of increasing diplomatic activity at home and abroad. If the overall impression is inevitably piecemeal, it is also clear that Isabella gave to her successors an exceptional document. Ferdinand of Aragon marries Isabella of Castile in Valladolid, thus beginning a cooperative reign that would unite all the dominions of Spain and elevate the nation to a dominant world power. Isabella of Castile, Duchess of York (1355 – 23 December 1392) was the daughter of King Peter and his mistress María de Padilla (d. 1361). 23 relations. View the profiles of people named Isabelle de Castille. Isabelle de Castille (fille d'Henri II de León), épouse de Gonzalo Núñez de Guzmán. Isabelle de Castille (1283-1328), épouse en 1310 Jean III, duc de Bretagne. At first the opposition to Henry IV gathered around Alfonso, but when the latter died in July 1468, the rebellious magnates naturally turned to Isabella. [4], In her will Isabel named King Richard as her heir, requesting him to grant her younger son, Richard, an annuity of 500 marks. However, this offered little comfort to the queen because by 1501 Joan had already shown signs of the mental imbalance that would later earn her the title of “the Mad.”. She was brought to court when she was 13 in order to be under the king’s eye. The Netherlands nobility were delighted to see this enormous accretion of power to their ruler and looked forward to the advantages that…. Isabel I of Castilla, llamada the Catholic (Madrigal de las Altas Torres, 22 de abril de 1451—Medina del Campo, 26 de November of 1504) fue reina de Castilla desde 1474 hasta 1504, y reina consorte de Sicilia desde 1469 y de Aragón en 1479. Yet, however meritorious the expulsion may have seemed at the time in order to achieve greater religious and political unity, judged by its economic consequences alone, the loss of this valuable element in Spanish society was a serious mistake. The union of their two kingdoms permanently united Spain and brought about a global empire after the successful voyages to the New World. A third suitor, the French duc de Guiènne, was sidestepped, and without Henry’s approval she married Ferdinand in October 1469 in the palace of Juan de Vivero, at Valladolid. He now rejected Isabella’s claim to the throne and preferred that of Joan, for whom he sought the hand of the duc de Guiènne. Active in court politics but more cooperative toward Henry than her full brother Alfonso had been, she was made Henry’s heir and took the throne when he died in 1474. It is difficult to disentangle Isabella’s personal responsibility for the achievements of her reign from those of Ferdinand. [2] According to Pugh, Isabella and Edmund of Langley were 'an ill-matched pair'. While she was at Santa Fe another event with which the queen was to become personally associated was in the making, for Columbus visited her there to enlist support for the voyage that was to result in the European settlement of America. Without first seeking her brother’s consent as she had promised, in 1469 Isabella…, …the succession of Castile after Isabella’s death (1504) to the third, Joan the Mad, and her husband, Philip I (the Handsome) of Castile, ruler of the Burgundian Netherlands. This was particularly true when she thought the pope was making bad appointments to Spanish benefices or in any way encroaching on the customary rights of the crown over the Spanish churches. But, undoubtedly, she played a large part in establishing the court as a centre of influence. queen of Spain. Isabelle De Castille Benjamin Ramon. Editor of Spain in the Fifteenth Century; coeditor of Europe in the Late Middle Ages. The queen was still concerned with these problems when she died in 1504. Join Facebook to connect with Isabelle Castille and others you may know. When her father, John II, died, her half brother became king of Castile as Henry IV. Although when she died there was still much to be done, the rulers and Cisneros together had gone far toward achieving their goals. When in 1492 Talavera became archbishop of Granada, his place at the queen’s side was taken by Cisneros, for whom the monarchs secured the crucial position of archbishop of Toledo in 1495. Isabelle de Castille (fille d'Henri II de León), épouse de Gonzalo Núñez de Guzmán. With her blue eyes, her fair or chestnut hair, and her jewels and magnificent dresses, she must have made a striking figure. En 1462, elle dut aller vivre, avec son jeune frère Alphonse (alors àâgé de huit ans), à la cour de Tolède, auprès de leur frère consanguin, le roi Henri IV (Enrique IV), que son imbécillité, ainsi que l'inconduite de sa femme, rendait de plus en plus odieux à la nation. Although the story of her offering to pledge her jewels to help finance the expedition cannot be accepted, and Columbus secured only limited financial support from her, Isabella and her councillors must receive credit for making the decision to approve the momentous voyage. In 1491 she and Ferdinand set up a forward headquarters at Santa Fe, close to their ultimate objective, and there they stayed until Granada fell on January 2, 1492. …Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella of Castile brought two great Hispanic kingdoms together under a single dynasty. According to Pugh, the possibility that Holland was the father of Isabella's favourite son, Richard of Conisburgh, 3rd Earl of Cambridge, 'cannot be ignored'. Loading... Unsubscribe from Benjamin Ramon? However, further largesse which might have been expected when Richard came of age was not to be, as King Richard II was deposed in 1399, and according to Harriss, Isabella's younger son, Richard, 'received no favours from the new King, Henry IV'. Isabelle de Castille. The queen and her advisers hardly needed Columbus to remind them of the opportunity now offered for the spreading of Christianity. Isabelle de Castille (1355 [1] à Tordesillas † 23 décembre 1392 [1]), duchesse d'York et comtesse de Cambridge, est l'épouse d'Edmond de Langley. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? The opposing faction, which put forward the counterclaims of Joan, included the archbishop of Toledo; a former supporter, the master of Calatrava (an influential military order); and the powerful young marqués de Villena. This page was last edited on 6 August 2020, at 08:04. Meanwhile, in 1480 the Inquisition had been set up in Andalusia. She also completed the Reconquista but infamously expelled Jews and Muslims and empowered the Spanish Inquisition. Elle a régné de 1474 à 1504. Three years after she was born, her half brother became king of Castile as Henry IV. Isabelle de Castille (1355-1393), épouse en 1372 Edmond d'Angleterre (° vers 1341 - † 1402 ), duc d'York, dit Edmond de Langley. Can’t Pray for This Kind of Service. Castile, an arid land of sheepherders, great landowning churchmen, and crusading knights, and Aragon, with its Catalan miners and its strong ties to Mediterranean Europe, made uneasy partners; but a series of…, …her and recognized his sister Isabella as heir to the throne in the Pact of Los Toros de Guisando in 1468. Though her early years were spent quietly with her mother, she was soon drawn into Castilian politics. [6] After Isabella's death, Edmund of Langley married Joan Holland, sister and co-heir of Edmund Holland, 4th Earl of Kent (9 January 1382 – 15 September 1408), with whom his daughter, Constance, had lived as his mistress (see above). These orders had been exploited for too long by the nobility and were the subject of intense rivalry among those who sought to be elected master of one or other of them. There is little doubt that this represented the culmination of a long and popular movement against non-Christians and doubtful converts, which had manifested itself frequently in the late Middle Ages in Castile.

2 Euros Allemagne Commémorative, Monnaie Romaine Dupondius, Musée Palais Porte Dorée, Monnaie Hongrie Conversion, Papillon Dessin Réaliste, Procédure Administrative Cours,