Kitleler, sosyal psikolojide, "grup" genel başlığı altında, çeşitli biçimlerde incelenmektedir. [18] Gustave La Bon, Les opinions et les croyances, (adapted from the Arabic translation), 6. ISBN 9780415674133. It exempts the patriarchs, monks and their servants from taxes. Recommend to friends. Sein bekanntestes Werk ist das 1895 veröffentlichte Buch Psychologie der Massen. This is why the credit of Muhammad on the Arabs was extremely great.”[26], One of the greatest personalities known in history, “Since the value of men is measured with what they do of glorious deeds, Muhammad is one of the greatest personalities known in history. world of Islamic civilization by Gustave Le Bon. Among his famous books is La Civilization des Arabes (The Civilization of the Arabs), one of the most fundamental books written in Europe in the modern age, impartial and objective in judgment on Arab and Islamic civilization. As important as it might be and, in spite of the fact that a lot of topics and paragraphs deserve to be quoted here, the aim of the book permitted only to choose what seemed to me to be the clearest and most important. Whenever anyone of them spoke, attention would be paid to him with great respect and he would be asked to rely only on a logical rather than textual proof. He offered the Egyptians complete religious freedom, absolute justice and respect for their property, and imposed a fixed annual Jizyah of no more than fifteen franks per capita, as opposed to the high taxes levied by the Roman Caesars. La réalité historique de l’expansion de l’islam, par Gustave Le Bon Salim Laïbi, 3 ans de cela 2 min de lecture 578 Voici un texte qui semble largement ignoré par nos contemporains adeptes de la propagande anti-islam, n’hésitant pas une seconde à falsifier l’histoire et … 1. Ditulis oleh Nurfitri Hadi, M.A. They announced publicly anywhere that they respected the peoples’ creeds, customs and habits and rather satisfied themselves with taking, in return for protecting those peoples, a very little Jizyah much less than what they paid to their previous masters.”[14], “It is they who taught, or say, tried to teach the Christians toleration, the most cherished human characteristic. Gustave Le Bon, est un intellectuel à l'esprit encyclopédique de la croisée des XIXe et XXe siècles et auteur de nombreux ouvrages d'hippologie, de politique, d'histoire et de médecine, mais c'est principalement avec La psychologie des foules que nous le connaissons aujourd'hui. Gustave le Bon (1841-1921) He was a French Orientalist and researcher in sociology and psychology. That the Arabs did not make other attempts to conquer this region goes back to the fact that northern France was very cold and rainy and this neither suited them nor encouraged them to stay there. Social scientists have developed several different theories for explaining crowd psychology and the ways in which the psychology of the crowd differs significantly from that of the individuals within it, including the notion of the Collective Unconscious. To see what your friends thought of this quote, please sign up! Then, they devoted themselves to the study of sciences and arts, translation of  Greek and Latin books into Arabic and foundation of  universities that remained the only cultural refuge in Europe for a long time.”[22], “Sicily, at the time the Arabs left it, was culturally, industrially and socially higher than it had been when they entered it. [29] Gustave La Bone, la religion et la vie, (adapted from the Arabic translation), 67. Gustave Le Bon. The opposite was true of the Arabs, who very quickly founded a new civilization extremely different from those prior to it and succeeded in attracting numerous peoples to their religion and language, not to mention their new civilization.”[19], Europe, in its civilization, is indebted to the Arabs, “The Arabs had a great influence on the West, and Europe, in its civilization, is indebted to the Arabs. Réimpression de l'édition de 1884 publiée à Paris par Firmin-Didot. Gustave le Bon (1841-1931) He was a French Orientalist and researcher in sociology and psychology. The Fin-de-Siècle World. Islamic civilization-Muslim world. Download or share this Gustave Le Bon quote with your friends on facebook, linkedin, … That went on until the end of the seventh century. It was sufficient for him to wipe away the pictures hung on the Ka‘bah and cleanse it from the 360 idols which he commanded to be overturned. of fascist psychology (I’m thinking of Gustave Le Bon and Gabriel Tarde, but also Nietzsche, Bataille, Girard, among others I started discussing in Th e Phantom of the Ego) also noticed, have the power to spread contagiously, especially in a crowd, but now also in … He also has many contributions in social sciences, the most important of which is the theory of Crowd Psychology which is a branch of social psychology. Mahomet a été le plus intelligent, le plus religieux, le plus clément des Arabes de son temps. ^ Saler, Michael (2015). During the 9th and 10th centuries, when Arab civilization in Spain was very bright, the centers of culture in the West were no more than towers inhabited by brutal seniors proud of being unlettered. Bu konuda bütün dillerde sayısız kitaplar, araştırmalar var. … Muhammad was certain that Allâh commanded him to call people to a new religion which He revealed to him in order to renew the world and, by virtue of his certainty, he was able to change the entire world.”[18], “The Arab conquests had a specific character the like of which was missing with other conquerors who came after them. . Nevertheless, the Qur’an did not spread by the sword. This seemed clearer in Egypt whose Persian, Greek and Roman conquerors did not succeed in changing the ancient Pharaonic civilization and replacing it with their own.”[10], “The Arabs of Spain had ideal chivalry by virtue of their great toleration. In his sight, it does not deserve all what was said about it or about its leader, Charles Martel, who but stopped the Arab conquests only in northern France whilst their conquests went on in its south. Gustave Le Bon. S'il faut juger de la valeur des hommes par la grandeur des œuvres qu'ils ont fondées, nous pouvons dire que Mahomet fut un des plus grands hommes qu'ait connus l'histoire. After extensive travels in Africa and Asia, he published books on anthropology and archeology, laying the foundation for his masterpieces The First Civilisations of Orient and the Arabic Civilisation. Routledge. All these have gone to make it n concise yet thought-provoking work. ; Cultuurgeschiedenis. p. 450. He granted safety to its people and gave them a pledge of respect for their churches and property and prohibited Muslims to perform their rites in their synagogues.”[6], “‘Amr ibn al-‘Âs, in his conduct in Egypt, was no less kind. A similar toleration was shown by the Arabs in all Syrian cities, whose inhabitants soon accepted the sovereignty of the Arabs and most of them embraced Islam instead of Christianity and learnt Arabic as well.”[5], “The conduct of the Commander of the Believers, ‘Umar ibn al-Khattâb, in Jerusalem (Bayt al-Maqdis) proves how kindly the Arab conquerors dealt with the conquered peoples, the opposite of what was done by the Crusaders in Jerusalem many centuries later. … But even, the different peoples had never known tolerant conquerors like the Arabs nor a religion like theirs.”[9], “The forbearance and toleration that characterized the Arab conquerors, of which historians were ignorant, seemed to explain to what extent they were able to expand their conquests. Le héros inattendu est le Réserviste de 22 ans qui n'était pas sur le terrain depuis décembre 2019 Jürgen Klopp: d'abord Oliver n'a pas vu le moment, puis VAR a oublié les règles. ... Spain, the centers of learning in Central Asia, the mosques in Arab countries, etc. Author Le Bon, Gustave, 1841-1931 Subjects Islamic civilization. Since the very first events, they contacted the native inhabitants of the neighboring territories who, suffering for long centuries from the transgression of their conquerors, were willing to receive, with warmth and gladness, any new conqueror to lighten the severe pressure from them. Among his famous books is La Civilization des Arabes (The Civilization of the Arabs), one of the most fundamental books written in Europe in the modern age, impartial and objective in judgment on Arab and Islamic civilization. Er gilt als einer der Begründer der Massenpsychologie, einem Teilgebiet der Sozialpsychologie. On the contrary, it spread only by invitation and by invitation alone was it embraced by different peoples who later conquered the Arabs, like the Turks and Mongols.”[4], “When ‘Umar ibn al-Khattâb entered Jerusalem (Bayt al-Maqdis), he showed a great toleration towards its inhabitants that made them feel secure for their religion, property and habits. Friends Who Liked This Quote. He also made the Ka‘bah an Islamic place of worship and soon it became the main house of Islam.”[28], You are indeed on a high model of moral character, “Muhammad was a man of noble manners, wisdom, kindheartedness, compassion, mercy, truthfulness and trustworthiness.”[29], “Few are the nations that excelled the Arabs in civility. In spite of carrying the sword to spread their religion, they left those who did not like to adopt it free with their own religious precepts.”, According to Michaud in his History of the Crusades, “The Qur’an which enjoins Jihâd upon the Muslims shows great toleration towards the followers of other religions. La Civilisation des Arabes (1884), Gustave Le Bon, éd. Concernant l’Islam, ses principes et son dogme, voilà ce qu’il en dit : ― Gustave Le Bon tags: islam, muhammad, muhammad-pbuh. Voltaire, Gustave Le Bon, Indian Left, Islam, Hinduism I have always argued that Indian JNU and AMU think tank is not a leftist think tank but a gang of Islamist and self serving non-Muslim mercenaries veiled as communist. The Crowd: A Study of the Popular Mind (French: Psychologie des Foules; literally: Psychology of Crowds) is a book authored by Gustave Le Bon that was first published in 1895.. [1] Gustave La Bon, La Civilization des Arabes, (adapted from the Arabic translation), 126. Excerpts from Gustave Le Bon "The World of Islamic Civilization" (1974) “Islam, from among all religions, best suits the science discoveries and is the most ready to edify souls and force them to abide by justice, kindness and toleration.”. Une édition électronique réalisée à partir du livre de Gustave Le Bon, (1841-1931) (sociologue), La civilisation des Arabes (1884). سلسلة «نصيحتي لك» يقدم فيها فضيلة الأستاذ الدكتور راغب السرجاني لفتات وومضات سريعة من الشريعة لكل مسلم، ما أحوجنا إليها الآن وفي كل آن! Il n'a dû son empire qu'à sa supériorité. 271 Want to read; ... From the Arab Conquests In the view of Dr. Martin Sicker, it was with the emergence of Islam that the combination of geopolitics and religion reached its most volatile form and . Few are the ethnic groups which rose and declined like the Arabs. Among his famous books is La Civilization des ArabesLa Civilization des Arabes Such outcomes, as I have mentioned more than once, could never have been achieved by force nor had they been attained by these who ruled Egypt before the Arabs.”[7], “The Arabs completed the conquest of Spain very quickly because the big cities hastened to open their gates to the conquerors that entered Cordoba, Malaga, Granada and Toledo, almost with a peace treaty. From La Civilization des Arabes (the Civilization of the Arabs): “Islam, from among all religions, best suits the science discoveries and is the most ready to edify souls and force them to abide by justice, kindness and toleration.”[1], “With the flourishing of Arab civilization, religious toleration was absolute – a fact for which we have brought more than one indication. ‘Umar ibn al-Khattâb did not harm the Christians when he entered Jerusalem (Bayt al-Maqdis), whereas when the Christians entered it, they slew the Muslims and burnt the Jews mercilessly.”, In his book, A Religious Trip in the East, monk Michaud says: “Unfortunately, the Christians learnt from the Muslims the toleration which is the sign of doing good among nations, showing respect for the creeds of others and abstention from imposing any dogma upon them by force.””[13], “The political ingenuity of the early caliphs was no less than the military skill they acquired very soon. Other readers will always be interested in your opinion of the books you've read. His works include: La Civilization des Arabes (1884); La Psychologie des Foules (1895); La Psychologie de l’éducation (1910); Les opinions et les croyances (1911); La révolution française et la psychologie des Révolutions (1912); Enseignements psychologiques de la guerre européenne (1915); Premières conséquences de la guerre (1916); Hier et demain. Le Bon reste une personnalité controversée. Read more quotes from Gustave Le Bon. In the following sentences I am going to quote from the books of many of them, which proves that our opinion on this issue is not just ours. Quote by Gustave Le Bon: "Muhammad is the greatest man that history ever knew..." at He saved them from the might of his companions with great difficulty. No nation has ever achieved the greatest number of inventions within the shortest time as the Arabs did. The Barbarians who occupied the Roman world, Turks and others, regardless of founding great states, did not establish a civilization and, therefore, the purpose of their existence was to utilize, even with great difficulty, the civilizations of the nations they conquered. No doubt, the barbarous Christian Europe would have gotten the same flourishing civilization which Spain obtained under the banner of Arab civilization and, after being edified, would have avoided such severe catastrophes of religious wars, the epic of San Barthélémy, the wrongdoings of inquisitions and, in short, all calamities from which the Muslims were far yet tinted Europe with blood along many centuries.”[12]. Gustave le Bon S'il faut juger de la valeur des hommes par la grandeur des œuvres qu'ils ont fondées, nous pouvons dire que Mahomet fut un des plus grands hommes qu'ait connus l'histoire. Share this quote: Like Quote. Download it The World Of Islamic Civilization books also available in PDF, EPUB, and Mobi Format for read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. They also embraced the religion of the Arabs and learned their language willingly. Gustave Le Bon fut un très grand voyageur et n’a cessé de parcourir le monde à la recherche d’autres cultures. He was a French Orientalist and researcher in sociology and psychology. Tudor Publishing Company, 1974 - Architecture, Islamic - 141 pages. Muhammad forbade killing monks because they devoted themselves to worship. That is, he did not exterminate them entirely: he rather levied upon them a very little Jizyah and forbade the Muslims to take anything from them.”[17], “The Bedouin tribes in the Arab Peninsula adopted a religion brought by an unlettered person by virtue of which they established, within less than fifty years, a great state like that of Alexander and adorned it with many magnificent buildings which stand as a miraculous sign. 1 Review. You can write a book review and share your experiences. Gustave le Bon (1841-1931) He was a French Orientalist and researcher in sociology and psychology. Cairo- The Spaniards accepted it willingly and submitted to the Arabs compliantly.”[8], No conquerors like the Arabs have ever been known, “The early conquests of the Arabs were supposed to blind their eyes and cause them to commit the same injustices usually done by conquerors, wrong the conquered and compel them to adopt their religion which they liked to spread all over the world. From inside the book . It would not be verbose to refer to what is translated by monsieur Dousi about one of the Arab scholars who devoted himself in Baghdad to many lessons in philosophy attended by Jews, atheists, Magians, Muslims, Christians and others. Gustave Le Bon. La psychologie des foules explique leur irrationalité.Gustave Le Bon montre en effet dans Psychologie des foules que le comportement d’une masse d’hommes diffère de ceux d’individus isolés. Gustave Le Bon, büyük bir … Whether you've loved the book or not, if you give your honest and detailed thoughts then people will find new books that are right for them. They left them free with their property, churches and laws and made their own (rather than the Muslim) judges responsible for their legal affairs. citations from Islam and the World and Muhammad Rasu/111/ali since it would have not been worthwilile to re-write these passages in a different phrase. K likes. ; Civilization, Arab. Want to Read. Gustave Le Bon “Muhammad met all the harming and torturing with patience and endurance.” “Muhammad treated the people of Quraysh, who were his enemies for twenty years, with tolerance and kindness. Gustave Le Bon mengatakan, “Buku-buku Arab yang telah sampai kepada kita dalam ilmu Geografi penting untuk satu tujuan, dan sebagian dasar-dasar ilmu ini menjadi pelajaran di Eropa selama berabad-abad.” (Gustave Le Bon, Hal: 469). He imposed only a little Jizyah on them. No ethnos like the Arabs could be fit for a living example of the influence of the factors lying behind the foundation, magnificence and decline of states.”[30]. Gustave le Bon (1841-1931) He was a French Orientalist and researcher in sociology and psychology. The Arabs left the conquered free to practice their religions. The Fourth International Conference on Scerut was. The Arabs abided by these conditions so much that the Egyptians loved them after they had bitterly suffered from the injustice of the Christian Caesars of Constantinople. The World Of Islamic Civilization The World Of Islamic Civilization by Gustave Le Bon. Didier et cie, 1865, p. 82. If it happened that some Christians embraced Islam and took Arabic as their language, this was due to the justice they saw from the victorious Arabs the like of which they did not see from their previous masters, in addition to the ease of Islam which they knew not before.”[3], “It has been proven throughout history that religions cannot be imposed by force. La Fontaine au Roy, 1990, Livre deuxième, chapitre premier, Mahomet, p. 76 In his works, he recognizes the credit of Arab and Islamic civilization on European … … Meanwhile, the Arabs well ruled the Spaniards, the same as they had done with those of Syria and Egypt. Cette histoire mal aim e jusqu' nos jours se voit consacr un ouvrage d s 1900 par Gustave le Bon avec "La civilisation des arabes".Il y fait un expos passionnant de la contribution des arabes aux savoirs de l'humanit . Contents. Indeed, the Arabs were no less influential to the West than they were to the East. islam and the psychology of the muslim a reprint of: islam and the psychology of the musulman andre servier translated by a. s. moss-blundell with a preface by louis bertrand ... were able to regard themselves as the le-gitimate heirs of Rome. Among his famous books is La Civilization des Arabes (The Civilization of the Arabs), one of the most fundamental books written in Europe in the modern age, impartial and objective in judgment on Arab and Islamic civilization. The Egyptians willingly accepted and were thankful for these conditions, which encouraged them to pay the Jizyah in advance. Historically, because large groups of people have been able to bring about dramatic and sudden social change in a manner that bypasses the established due process, they have also provoked controversy. [19] Gustave La Bon, La Civilization des Arabes, 135. Politically, they founded one of the greatest states known in history and civilized Europe culturally and morally. Among his famous books is La Civilization des Arabes (The Civilization of the Arabs), one of the most fundamental books written in Europe in the modern age, impartial and objective in judgment on Arab and Islamic civilization. In his works, he recognizes the credit of Arab and Islamic civilization on … In fact, the Arabs established one of the strongest religions which prevailed in the world and whose influence is still more vital than that of any other religion. To receive the latest topics on email directly as they are published, All rights reserved to Islam story website ©2012. Dautre part, Le Bon dégage une i… The Arabs of Spain were so forbearing with their conquered people that they allowed their bishops to hold their religious conferences, such as the Christian Seville Conference (782 A.D.) and Christian Cordoba Conference (852 A.D.). Meanwhile, the most knowledgeable among the Christians were from the poor, ignorant monks who stayed in their churches to submissively erase the valuable books of the ancients to have enough scrolls to transcribe the books of worship.”[20], “The civil affair of the Arabs did not seem, in any country they ruled, clearer as it did in Spain which had no civilization before the Arab conquest and then came to have a flourishing civilization in the era of the Arabs before it fell to the lowest bottom of degradation after their evacuation.”[21], “The Arabs had no sooner completed their conquest of Spain than they began to carry out the message of civilization in it. Et les conséquences ne sont venues que pour Van Dyck et Thiago The World Of Islamic Civilization This quote is about muhammad, islam, muhammad-pbuh,. We will soon see that the Arabs were credited with presenting ancient knowledge to the medieval people and that the western universities, for five centuries, had no scientific resources other than their writings.